Common Persimmon Fact Sheet
Family: Ebenaceae - Ebony family
Latin name: Diospyros virginiana
Common name: Persimmon, Common persimmon, American persimmon
- Diospyros virginiana trees are normally 30 to 60 feet tall at maturity but in the best habitats they may reach a height of 70 to 80 feet and a diameter of 20 to 24 inches.
- Common persimmon usually forms an upright or drooping type tree with a rounded or conical crown.
- Stems of Common persimmon may be clumped, either because seedlings develop close to one another or because they grow from suckers after a tree has been cut down.
- American persimmons are dioecious; trees are generally either male or female.
- in younger trees the bark is gray-brown with orange in the fissures.
- in older trees, bark is brown to black and broken into rectangular checkered sections.
- Twigs and Buds:
- Twigs slender, light brown to gray
- twig scar is often very prominent
- leaf scar has one, oval vascular bundle trace
- no true terminal bud
- buds are dark red to black with 2 bud scales
- triangular in shape, appressed
- round to elliptic, 2 1/2—5 1/2 inches (6—14 cm) long.
- Foliage is glossy, dark green above, and paler beneath.
- Flowers are white and bloom in May or June
Diospyros virginiana–Common Persimmon
- a persistent spherical berry 1.9 to 5.1 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) in diameter.
- ripens from September to November or occasionally a little earlier.
- When mature it is yellow to orange or dark red in color, often with a glaucous bloom.
- Each berry usually contains one to eight flat, brown seeds about 13 mm (0.5 in) long but is sometimes seedless.
- Fruits fall from September to late winter.
- The fruit is astringent until it is ripe.
- Seeds are dispersed by birds and animals and by overflow water in bottomlands. There are evidentaly many that don't get far from the tree (as is demonstrated in the photo where the ground around the tree is fill with 'volunteer' seedlings.
- The wood is hard, heavy, and strong. The heartwood is brown to black; the sapwood is wide and white to yellow in color. It is used for golf club.
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